Birth and Parents
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujrat. His full name was
Mohandas Karam chand Gandhi. His father name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother
name was Pultibai. Mohandas was youngest
of the three sons of Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhiji was straight and
true as steel, known for his steadfastness and loyalty.
Putlibai was a traditional Indian woman, devoted to her home and family, deeply
religious and austere. She was illiterate, but her qualities left a deep
impression on young Gandhi. Another powerful influence of Gandhi’s early life
was seeing King Harishchandra, in the play, suffer for, but finally triumph in,
his adherence to Truth.
a good student in his school days but he was shy & no one know that this
shy boy can play a major role in India freedom in near future . At school,
first the primary at Porbandar, and later the Albert High School, Rajkot,
Gandhi showed no particular brilliance, played no games, avoided company. He
read little beyond text books, but respected his teacher, though, even at his
biding, he would not copy from his neighbour’s answers.
Kasturba and Laxmidas
with Kasturba, at the age of only 13, was almost play. But Gandhi began as a
jealous and possessive husband; he wanted to make his illiterate wife an ideal
one. The other person he was much attached to was his eldest brother Laxmidas.
After the death of his father, it was Laxmidas who helped to educate him and
sent him to England for legal studies.
death of his father he travelled to England to gain a degree in Law. Putlibai
wants that Gandhiji lead a chaste and simple life in London. For a while Gandhi
was tempted to ape English dress and manners. But soon he returned to
simplicity. A vegetarian by tradition he soon became one by conviction, joining
and working actively for the London Vegetarian Society. He was called to the
Bar in June 1891.On those days,ha also studied Bible & struck by the teachings of Jesus
Christ – especially the emphasis on humility and forgiveness. He remained
committed to the Bible and Bhagavad Gita throughout his life, though he was
critical of aspects of both religions.
Gandhiji in South Africa
completion of his degree in Law, Gandhi returned to India, where he was soon
sent to South Africa to practise law. In 1893, Gandhi went to South Africa to handle a case. But
though his legal work was soon over, he remained there for 21 years, fighting
for Indian rights and defending indentured labour in low courts against
discrimination. In this he was assisted by European staff and associates like
Polak and Kallenbach.After
spending 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915.